page 1
page 2
page 3
page 4
page 5
page 6
page 7
page 8
page 9
page 10
page 11
page 12
page 13
page 14
page 15
page 16
page 17
page 18
page 19
page 20
page 21
page 22
page 23
page 24
page 25
page 26
page 27
page 28
page 29
page 30
page 31
page 32
page 33
page 34
page 35
page 36
page 37
page 38
page 39
page 40
page 41
page 42
page 43
page 44
page 45
page 46
page 47
page 48
page 49
page 50
page 51
page 52
page 53
page 54
page 55
page 56
page 57
page 58
page 59
page 60
page 61
page 62
page 63
page 64
page 65
page 66
page 67
page 68
page 69
page 70
page 71
page 72
page 73
page 74
page 75
page 76
page 77
page 78
page 79
page 80
page 81
page 82
page 83
page 84
page 85
page 86
page 87
page 88
page 89
page 90
page 91
page 92
page 93
page 94
page 95
page 96
page 97
page 98
page 99
page 100
page 101
page 102
page 103
page 104
page 105
page 106
page 107
page 108
page 109
page 110
page 111
page 112
page 113
page 114
page 115
page 116
page 117
page 118
page 119
page 120
page 121
page 122
page 123
page 124
page 125
page 126
page 127
page 128
page 129
page 130
page 131
page 132
page 133
page 134
page 135
page 136
page 137
page 138
page 139
page 140
page 141
page 142
page 143
page 144
page 145
page 146
page 147
page 148
page 149
page 150
page 151
page 152
page 153
page 154
page 155
page 156
page 157
page 158
page 159
page 160
page 161
page 162
page 163
page 164
page 165
page 166
page 167
page 168
page 169
page 170
page 171
page 172
page 173
page 174
page 175
page 176
page 177
page 178
page 179
page 180
page 181
page 182
page 183
page 184
page 185
page 186
page 187
page 188
page 189
page 190
page 191
page 192
page 193
page 194
page 195
page 196
page 197
page 198
page 199
page 200
page 201
page 202
page 203
page 204
page 205
page 206
page 207
page 208
page 209
page 210
page 211
page 212
page 213
page 214
page 215
page 216
page 217
page 218
page 219
page 220
page 221
page 222
page 223
page 224
page 225
page 226
page 227
page 228
page 229
page 230
page 231
page 232
page 233
page 234
page 235
page 236
page 237
page 238
page 239
page 240
page 241
page 242
page 243
page 244
page 245
page 246
page 247
page 248
page 249
page 250
page 251
page 252
page 253
page 254
page 255
page 256
page 257
page 258
page 259
page 260
page 261
page 262
page 263
page 264
page 265
page 266
page 267
page 268
page 269
page 270
page 271
page 272
page 273
page 274
page 275
page 276
page 277
page 278
page 279
page 280
page 281
page 282
page 283
page 284
page 285
page 286
page 287
page 288
page 289
page 290
page 291
page 292

Machu Picchu is a 15th-century Incaruin spectacularly located 2,430metres above sea level in thePeruvian Andes in the Cusco region of Peru.Perched atop a mountain ridge above theUrubamba Valley, 50 miles north-west ofCusco, most archaeologists believe that itwas built around 1450 as an estate for theInca emperor Pachacuti (1438-1472).Abandoned just over 100 years later, at theheight of the Spanish conquest (althoughthere is no evidence that the conquistadorsever knew of or visited the site), the citadelis now referred to as the 'Lost City of theIncas'. One of the most familiar icons ofSouth America and the jewel in Peru'scrown, Machu Picchu, and our trek to it(using luxury lodges rather than camping!),form the focal point of this mouthwateringnew holiday. This trek follows a different - and quieter- route from the 'classic' Inca Trail toMachu Picchu, but offers a uniqueopportunity to experience the majesty ofone of the world's great mountain rangeson foot, yet with the benefit of therevitalising comfort of a luxury lodge at theend of each day's walk. Our route to MachuPicchu winds through the spectacularpeaks, emerald-green glacial lakes andforested canyons of the CordilleraVilcabamba. Following in the footsteps ofthe Incan 'chaskis' - the relay runners whodelivered messages along the vast web offootpaths that linked Cusco to the far flungcorners of the Inca Empire, we too will beon a mission along the varied 32-mile route,targeting the special birds of the area whilewinding our way inexorably towards ourgoal. If the prospect of ending a day's trekin a cramped tent has previously dissuadedyou from contemplating a mountain trek,then we hope that you might now bepersuaded otherwise! Having experiencedthe raw beauty and rugged elements of theAndes during daylight, we will finish eachday on trek in one of four inviting lodgesoffering fine gourmet meals, select wines,goose-down bedding, hot showers, outdoorjacuzzis and even an optional massage; ouraward-winning hosts really have thought ofeverything with their attentive, high qualityservice.Having flown to Peru's capital, Lima, and onto Cusco to acclimatise for a day, we driveto the remote mountain village ofMarcoccasa from where we begin walkingto Salkantay Lodge, six hours' trekkingaway and our base for the next two nights.The lodge takes its name from MountSalkantay, the second most sacred peak inIncan mythology and, at over 6,000 metres,the highest peak in the region. After a dayof magnificent Andean scenery,hummingbirds, canesteros and conebills,and perhaps even an Andean Condor, wewill arrive to an open fire, tea and cookies.A similarly warm welcome is assured oneach day of our trek!Day two involves an acclimatisation walk upto Lake Humantay, fed by the great glaciersof imposing Mount Humantay above. Thewalk is optional, but recommended,although a dip in the lake is only for thehardy! After lunch back at the lodge, theafternoon is for leisure, photography, birding(threatened Polylepis forest is nearby and isproductive for mixed-species feeding flocks)and the superb jacuzzi! The followingmorning sees us contemplating the highestpoint of the trek, the Salkantay pass (atabout 5,000 metres), from where theimposing south face of Salkantay itselftowers above us and Andean Condors areoften seen. After the pass and a hot lunch,we then descend to the treeline and WayraLodge.On day four we descend along the left bankof the Salkantay River, passing throughincreasingly verdant scenery andencountering the warmer, humid air thatrises from the jungle to the east. Orchidsabound here, together with colourful,swirling mixed-species bird flockscontaining Pearled Treerunners, Scarlet-bellied Mountain Tanagers and many more.A highlight at Colpa Lodge is the traditionalPachamanca meal which consists of tenderlayered meat, hot stones and vegetables allcovered up to bake! Another outdoorjacuzzi here offers panoramic views ofcloudforested ridges and peaks. Our nextday's hike to Lucma Lodge traverses someof the best organic coffee plantations in theworld. Then from Lucma we continue ontowards Aguas Calientes, from where we'llenjoy our first view of Machu Picchu fromthe south-east, a view that few other visitorshave ever had the opportunity to admire.Further superb subtropical birding, and theruins themselves, are now just a short trainride away!Our final night will be spent in the luxuriousPueblo Hotel in Aguas Calientes belowMachu Picchu, whose gardens are filledwith Saffron-crowned and Blue-neckedTanagers, and along whose borders flowsthe turbulent Urubamba River, home toPeru's most viewable population of TorrentDucks.Peru - The Mountain Lodges Trek to Machu PicchuA 12-day holiday, including a 6-day trek to Machu Picchu through the Cordillera Vilcabamba in the Peruvian Andes(using luxurious lodges en route), in search of birds and cultural aspects of the Inca Empire.Sunday 10th November - Thursday 21st November Cost: £3,695 Outline itineraryDay 1Fly Lima.Day 2Fly Cusco.Day 3Huayacarpay/Pisac.Day 4/5Salkantay Lodge.Day 6Wayra Lodge.Day 7Colpa Lodge.Day 8Lucma Lodge.Day 9Machu Picchu.Day 10Cusco.Day 11Fly Lima then London.Day 12Arrive London.AccommodationLuxury hotels in Lima, Cusco andAguas Calientes ... and luxurymountain lodges on trek. Food All included in the price, except forevening meals in Cusco.Grading Grade B/C. Strenuous mountainwalking, at times up to 5,000metres.Focus Birds, mammals, other wildlife andInca culture.Leader Andy Smith or Percy Avendaño.Single room supplement£990 (3 nights in Cusco £150; 6 nights on trek £840).Web quick search: PER08 210Call now or visit your free Trip ItineraryCUSCOMANUMACHUPICCHUPACIFICOCEANPERULIMABOLIVIACHILE ECUADORCOLOMBIABRAZILPUERTOMALDONADOTrekking through the Cordillera Vilcabamba, backed by Mount Humantay Torrent DuckSalkantay Lodge

Home to 1,400 different bird species,Venezuela boasts the sixth richestavifauna on Earth. To sample thiswealth of birdlife, bird tours havetraditionally focused on the north of thecountry; this holiday, however, will explorethe little-known southern region whichforms the core of the world's largesttropical wilderness area, the territoryidealised in Conan Doyle's 'The Lost World'and Hudson's 'Green Mansions'. Here wewill focus on the birds of the famous tepuis,or table mountains, together with thelowland forests which collectively comprisethe ancient Guiana Shield. By adding a visitto the Oilbird Cave and the Paria Peninsula(the point at which Columbus finally landedon mainland America), we offer you anunbeatable wildlife tour of easternVenezuela!We begin on the Caribbean coast, with anight in an inn not far from the airportbefore flying on, the following morning, tothe north-east of the country. Here we willspend the rest of the day exploring thestrange, arid moonscape of the ArayaPeninsula, looking for such dry countryspecialities as Yellow-shouldered Parrot,Buffy Hummingbird, Glaucous Tanagerand Vermilion Cardinal, as well asAmerican Flamingo, Scarlet Ibis and awide range of waders. An hour's drive nextmorning takes us to Finca Vuelta Larga, aGerman-owned conservation ranch wherewe will look for the diminutive Black-dottedPiculet, White-chested Emerald and thestunning Crimson-hooded Manakin,together with a variety of both open-country and wetland birds. Cerro de Humo (Smoke Mountain), on theParia Peninsula, is our fourth day'sdestination. Here we hope to rendezvouswith the Paria endemics - Scissor-tailedHummingbird, White-tailed Sabrewing,White-throated Barbtail, Paria Whitestartand Venezuelan Flowerpiercer - and alsotry to find such birds as VenezuelanParakeet, the local form of Slate-crownedAntpitta and Handsome Fruiteater beforewe drive on to Caripe. This site is bestknown as the location of the Oilbird Cavefirst described by Humboldt, and on oneof our two evenings here we will witnessthe remarkable sight of thousands ofOilbirds leaving their cave. Whilst in Caripewe will also take a hike up Cerro Negro insearch of the endangered endemic, Grey-headed Warbler, and Venezuelan Sylph.Bidding farewell to Venezuela's north-east,we now set our sights on an entirelydifferent avifauna. Our lodge in theImataca Forest Reserve is best known asthe access point to the world's top regionfor breeding Harpy Eagles. Here we havearguably the best chance anywhere in itsrange of finding this, the world's largesteagle. The reserve is also home to aplethora of superb lowland rainforestspecies and we will spend the next threenights here in search of them. Amongstthe hundreds of species that we could seehere, Marail Guan, Black Curassow, manyparrots (including Caica and Red-fanParrot), Black-necked and Green Aracaris,Guianan Toucanet, Black-spotted Barbet,Curve-billed Scythebill, Fasciated andGreat Antshrikes, a host of antbirds (suchas Rufous-throated, Ferruginous-backedand the spectacular White-plumed),antwrens (including Todd's, Spot-tailed,Long-winged and Grey) and PompadourCotingas are just a few! Reluctantly dragging ourselves away fromthis rainforest bonanza, we next drivesouthwards towards the tepuis, where wewill spend our final four nights in thewonderful, family-run Barquilla de Fresalodge. The owners are excellent hosts andknow exactly what we have come for, theirlodge being located in the fabulouslowland forests at the base of the Sierra de Lema escarpment - home toCapuchinbirds and other cotingas. Aftereach long day's birdwatching in thelowland rainforests, and on the wall of thetable mountain above the lodge, we will nodoubt return to relax at the lodge with acold drink and to enjoy the Crimson Topazat the feeders, the Paradise Jacamars inthe garden and the Swallow-wingedPuffbirds nesting by our cabins. However,our main targets will be the 30 or moretepui endemics, amongst them TepuiTinamou, Tepui Parrotlet, TepuiGoldenthroat and so on; not to mention theTepui Spinetail, Antpitta, Brush-finch,Whitestart, Greenlet and Mountain-grackle!Blue-cheeked Parrot, Guianan Cock-of-the-rock, Bearded and White Bellbirds andsuch rare birds of prey as Orange-breastedFalcon and Black-faced Hawk will beamongst other species that we hope to seein this unforgettable prehistoric-lookinglandscape with its sweeping vistas ofunbroken rainforest and sheer tepui walls.It is little wonder that this area is aUNESCO World Heritage Site! A marvellousspot at which to conclude our tour!Those of you wishing to stay on may optto take our 3-day extension to visit theAngel Falls, the world's highest waterfall.Our camp lies alongside the stunninglybeautiful Carrao River, with a series ofwaterfalls close by. One day will bedevoted to travelling up-river in canoes tovisit the base of the Angel Falls.Venezuela - Oilbirds, Harpy Eagles & Table MountainsA 16-day birdwatching and wildlife holiday visiting the Araya and Paria Peninsulas, Oilbird Cave, Guiana Shield and Table Mountains, with an extension to the Angel Falls.Thursday 15th November - Friday 30th November 2012 Cost: £3,495Thursday 14th November - Friday 29th November 2013 Cost: £3,595Angel Falls extension available on both tours Cost: £1,095 Book direct on 01962 733051or see page 284 for Booking InformationCOLOMBIAANGEL FALLSRIVERORINOCORIVERCARONICANAIMACIUDADGUAYANAGRANSABANAIMATACAFORESTRESERVEPUERTO ORDAZ(EXTENSION)CARIPEARAYAPENINSULAPARIAPENINSULACARACASVENEZUELAOutline itineraryDay 1Fly Caracas. Day 2Fly Carüpano; ArayaPeninsula. Day 3/4Paria Peninsula. Day 5/6Caripe. Day 7/9Imataca Forest Reserve. Day 10/13La Gran Sabana. Day 14Puerto Ordaz. Day 15Depart Venezuela. Day 16Arrive London.Angel Falls extension Day 15/17Canaima and AngelFalls. Day 18Depart Venezuela. Day 19Arrive London.Accommodation Birding lodges and small inns, mostwith private facilities.Food All included in the price.GradingWalking is fairly easy, except for two(optional) longer hikes up Cerro deHumo and Cerro Negro. Focus Birds and wildlife.LeaderCecilia Herrera (main tour);Alejandro Nagy (extension).Single room supplement£295, where available (extension:£275).Web quick search: VEN04211KukenánHarpy Eagle